旺旺大发PK10手机版 > 英语 > VOA美国之音 > 相关资源 > VOA Special English 基本词汇
                更新时间:2004/11/21

                PARTS OF SPEECH

                n. (noun) - a name word

                v. (verb) - an action word 

                ad. (adjective/adverb) - a describing word 

                prep. (preposition) - a word used to show a relation 

                pro. (pronoun) - a word used in place of a noun 

                conj. (conjunction) - a joining word 


                 
                A

                a (an) - ad. one; any; each

                able - v. having the power to do something 

                about - ad. almost ("about half"); of or having a relation to ("We talk about the
                weather.") 

                above - ad. at a higher place 

                accept - v. to agree to receive 

                accident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; an unplanned event 

                accuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement
                against someone 

                across - ad. from side to side; to the other side 

                act - v. to do something 

                activist - n. one who seeks change through action 

                actor - n. someone acting in a play or show 

                add - v. to put (something) with another to make it larger; to say more 

                administration - n. the executive part of a government, usually headed by a
                president or prime minister 

                admit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to express one's guilt or
                responsibility ("He admitted that what he did was wrong.") 

                adult - n. a grown person 

                advise - v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in making a decision 

                affect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleep affected the singer's
                performance.") 

                afraid - ad. feeling fear

                after - ad. later; behind 

                again - ad. another time; as before 

                against - ad. opposed to; not agreeing with something 

                age - n. how old a person or thing is

                agency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("an agency of the United
                Nations") 

                aggression - n. an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's
                borders 

                ago - ad. of time past; before now 

                agree - v. to have the same belief as someone; to be willing to do something 

                agriculture - n. farming 

                aid - v. to help; to support; n. help, assistance 

                aim - v. to point a gun at; n. a goal or purpose 

                air - n. the mixture of gases around the earth, mostly nitrogen and oxygen, that we
                breathe 

                air force - n. a military organization using airplanes 

                airplane - n. a vehicle with wings that flies 

                airport - n. a place where airplanes take off and land 

                album - n. a collection of recorded music 

                alcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in
                industrial products 

                alive - ad. having life; not dead 

                all - ad. everything; everyone; the complete amount 

                ally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose 

                almost - ad. a little less than completely 

                alone - ad. separated from others 

                along - ad. near or on ("along the road") 

                already - ad. before now; even now 

                also - ad. added to; too 

                although - conj. even if it is true that 

                always - ad. at all times; every time 

                ambassador - n. a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another
                government) 

                amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law) 

                ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from guns 

                among - ad. in or part of (a group) 

                amount - n. the number, size or weight of anything 

                anarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessness 

                ancestor - n. a family member from the past 

                ancient - ad. very old; long ago 

                and - conj. also; in addition to; with 

                anger - n. a strong emotion against someone or something 

                animal - n. a living creature that moves, such as a dog or cat 

                anniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the
                past

                announce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officially 

                another - ad. one more; a different one 

                answer - n. a statement produced by a question; v. to make a statement after being
                asked a question 

                any - ad. one or more of no special kind 

                apologize - v. to express regret for a mistake or accident for which one accepts
                responsibility 

                appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on
                somebody for help 

                appear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem 

                appoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge") 

                approve - v. to agree with; to agree to support 

                archeology - n. the scientific study of past human life and activities 

                area - n. any place or part of it 

                argue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disagree 

                arms - n. military equipment; weapons 

                army - n. military ground forces 

                around - ad. on every side (of) 

                arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner 

                arrive - v. to come to a place, especially at the end of a trip 

                art - n. expressions or creations by humans, such as paintings, music, writing or
                statues 

                artillery - n. big guns 

                as - conj. equally ("as fast as"); when; while 

                ash - n. the part left after something burns 

                ask - v. to question; to say something is wanted ("We ask the teacher questions
                every day.") 

                assist - v. to help 

                astronaut - n. a person who travels in space 

                astronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universe 

                asylum - n. political protection given by a government to a person from another
                country 

                at - prep. in or near ("at the edge"); where ("look at"); when ("at noon") 

                atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planet 

                attach - v. to tie together; to connect 

                attack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start a fight 

                attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effort 

                attend - v. to be present at 

                automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car 

                autumn - n. the time of the year between summer and winter 

                average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad. common; normal 

                avoid - v. to stay away from 

                awake - ad. not sleeping

                award - n. an honor or prize for an act or service 

                away - ad. not near 

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